|Interesting study reported in Psychology Today. I am not surprised by the findings — just further confirmation of my Training approach.
The Effect of Training Method on Stress Levels in Dogs | Psychology Today
The Effect of Training Method on Stress Levels in Dogs
To give you a bit of a technical background, in reality there are only four methods that are used to teach dogs the kinds of tasks and behaviors that we humans are interested in having them learn. The first is called positive reinforcement, where the term “reinforcement” refers to anything that increases the likelihood that the dog will repeat a behavior. The “positive” refers to the fact that we give the dog something that he wants, like a treat. The second method is called negative reinforcement, where the “negative” refers to taking something unwanted or annoying away, so for example, if you pull up on the leash causing a choke chain to tighten and push down on the dog’s hindquarters while you tell him to sit, the negative reinforcement comes when the dog goes into the sitting position you take away the pressure around his neck and on his lower back. The other two methods involve punishment. A punisher is anything that reduces the likelihood that a dog will repeat a behavior. Positive punishment refers to the fact that when a dog does something which we don’t want him to do we apply something the dog doesn’t like, which could be a slap or a loud reprimand. Negative punishment involves taking something that the individual wants away from him. A human example would be if the child acts out the dinner table he doesn’t get dessert when everybody else does. Positive dog training is almost always based on positive reinforcement, while discipline-based training uses a combination of negative reinforcement and positive punishment.